argument from incredulity - appeal to common sense

Fallacies – Argument From Incredulity (Appeal to Common Sense)

"I cannot imagine how this could be true; therefore, it must be false."

argument from fallacy - or fallacy fallacy - illustration - chemistry, chemical equation, sulfur dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, sulfur, water, dihydrogen oxide

Fallacies – Argument From Fallacy (the Fallacy Fallacy)

Assumption that if an argument for some conclusion is fallacious, the conclusion must also be false.

argument from authority fallacy - logical fallacies series - illustration - incompetent math teacher

Fallacies – Argument From Authority (Appeal to Authority or Argumentum Ad Verecundiam)

A claimed authority's support is used as evidence for an argument's conclusion.

fallacy of division - logic - picture of puzzle pieces, mostly blue, but not entirely

Fallacies – Fallacy of Division

Assuming that something which is true of a thing must also be true of some or all of its parts (reverse of the Fallacy of Composition).

picture of whole with different parts (brick wall with bricks of different colors) - composition fallacy - logic

Fallacies – Fallacy of Composition

Assuming that something true of part of the whole must also be true of the whole.

genetic fallacy - fallacies - logic - DNA - deoxyribonucleic acid

Fallacies – Genetic Fallacy

"I shall never be ashamed of citing a bad author if the line is good." - Seneca

circular cause and consequence fallacy - logic - philosophy - reasoning - thinking - argument - rationality - thoughts - picture of spiral

Fallacies – Circular Cause and Consequence

The consequence of the phenomenon is claimed to be its root cause. Example: "Sue is lethargic and has poor hygiene habits, therefore, she is depressed." (In other words, Sue is depressed because she's lethargic and has poor hygiene habits.) Here, the consequences (lethargy, poor hygiene) of the phenomenon (depression) are being claimed as the root …

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argumentum ex silentio (argument from silence) fallacy - logic

Fallacies – Argument from Silence (Argumentum Ex Silentio)

Assuming that because there is a lack of textual or spoken evidence from an authoritative source, a certain claim is true, or vice versa.

logical fallacies - missing data - error - wrong or missing information

Fallacies – Intro

Ever been stuck in an argument, knowing that the other person's logic is faulty, but not knowing exactly why or how?