appeal to the stone fallacy

Appeal to the Stone (argumentum ad lapidem)

Dismissing a claim as absurd without demonstrating proof for its absurdity. Example: The existence of an intelligent designer or supernatural prime mover is a preposterous notion. I just know it. (Appeal to the Stone is similar to the Argument From Incredulity.)

gambler's fallacy

Gambler’s Fallacy

The Gambler's Fallacy is the flawed belief that separate, independent events can affect the likelihood of another random event. Example: A fair die landed on six five times in a row because it landed on one five times in a row previously.

fallacy of the single cause

Fallacy of the Single Cause (Causal Oversimplification)

It is assumed that there is one, simple cause of an outcome when, in reality, that outcome may have been caused by a number of only jointly sufficient causes. "Joey is always exhausted because he works ten-hour days." While his work schedule is almost certainly a causative factor in his fatigue, Joey's fatigue might also …

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post hoc ergo propter hoc fallacy

Post Hoc (False Cause) Fallacy

Post hoc is from the the Latin phrase "post hoc, ergo propter hoc," which translates as "after this, therefore because of this." Definition of Post Hoc: Assuming that because B comes after A, A caused B. Example: I dreamed I had a cold, and two days later, I came down with one. Therefore, my dream caused …

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ecological fallacy

Ecological Fallacy

Inferences about the nature of individuals are solely based on the aggregate statistics collected for the group to which those individuals belong. Similar to the Association Fallacy and the Fallacy of Division, the Ecological Fallacy makes inferences about individuals on the basis of a general group identity. Example #1: Women are generally more empathic than men. Therefore, …

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Life, Lyme, and Logic – An Update

My Dear Readers, I realize I've been pulling back on publishing for the past few days... ...Weeks... Okay, months. :/ Between health issues, blog transitions, and life, it's been a challenge. I just moved Reflection Cube and The Bleeding Blogger from to This change required me to obtain my own hosting plan directly …

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